Cape Neale. Prince George land. Franz Joseph land

Cape Neale. Prince George land. Franz Joseph land Cape Neale. Prince George land. Franz Joseph land

Prince George Land or Zemlya Georga is an island located at 80°46 '23'' N. 49°00'45'' E. and is a part of the archipelago Franz Josef Land (FJL), Russia. The existence of an archipelago north of Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya was predicted in the 18th century by Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov. The discovery was made by an Austro-Hungarian expedition on the schooner “Tegetthoff” led by Julius von Payer and Karl Veyprecht. Their mission was to pass by the Northern Sea Route. However, on August 30, 1783 the vessel got stuck in ice and driſted towards an unknown land, which was named in honour of the emperor of Austria. Henceforth, numerous expeditions from different countries (Norway, UK, USA, Russia, Germany, Italy and Poland) set out to explore the archipelago. One of the first, in 1880, was an expedition led by Benjamin Leigh Smith - a British yachtsman and explorer. Zemlya Georga was one of many other discoveries - named aſter George, Prince of Wales. The island’s western extremity acquired the name Cape Neale, aſtr the famous British naturalist, doctor and member of Leigh Smith’s expedition Dr. W.H. Neale. In 1896 the research expedition of Frederick Jackson came to Cape Neale to collect botanical and geological samples, and marked the site of their visit with stone pyramids. These pyramids were found in 2010 by a Russian team traveling in this area in search of the traces of a Russian expedition undertaken in 1914 on board the ship “Saint Anna” with V.Albanov as navigator and led by Captain Brusilov.

Zemlya Georga has a complex coastline, with many bays, deep inlets and capes. Most of the island lies under large glaciers. The westernmost cape of this peninsula is Mys Multanovskogo, beyond which lies the sound known as Proliv Arkhangelskiy between Zemlya Georga and Alexandra Land. The sound known as Cambridge Channel is located further to the southwest.

With a total surface of 2,821 km І, Zemlya Georga is the largest island of the Franz Josef Archipelago.

The highest point of the island is the Brusilov ice dome, at 416 m.

The weather is oſten foggy, and the sun may appear only once every ten days. The air temperature in summer is around 0° C, and the mean relative air humidity 90%. But in spite of its severe climate conditions, Franz Joseph Land was described by the famous Soviet polar pilot Vodopianov as the most beautiful site he had ever seen beyond the Arctic circle.