Domashniy island. Severnaya zemlya

Domashniy island. Severnaya zemlya Domashniy island. Severnaya zemlya

Domashniy Island is found in the western segment of the Sedova archipelago, which forms part of the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago.

In July 1930, Russian polar explorers G. Ushakov, N. Urvantsev, V. Khodov and S. Zhuravlev set out for remote unknown islands on the icebreaking steamship “Georgiy Sedov”. Two years were dedicated to an investigation of the area. The explorers filled the remaining blanks on the map of the Arctic, crossing over 7,000 km on dog sleds and on foot, collecting valuable information about the dimensions and configuration of the archipelago, its geological structure, climatic conditions, flora and fauna and sea ice structure. Severnaya Zemlya appeared to be an extensive archipelago consisting of four large islands and dozens of small ones.
One of these small islands was named Domashniy Island (from the Russian word “dom” - “home”) because for many months it served as home and a base for the team of polar explorers.
In accordance with Georgiy Ushakov’s will, the famous explorer was buried on Domashniy Island aſter his death in 1963. A granite obelisk marks his grave site on the top of a hill.
Domashniy Island is very small, with a length of 4.25 km and width of 950 m at its central part. The shores are cliffy and a small rock about 20 m high protrudes in the central part of the island. The terrain has all the features of high-latitude Arctic tundra.
Fauna is represented by lemmings and polar fox. Ringed seals, beluga whales and bearded seals inhabit the waters of the Kara Sea. Polar bears are common in these parts, as their traditional travel route crosses the area of Domashniy Island.

This small island also houses the largest colony of ivory gulls in the world, a rare polar red-listed bird which can nest on ice and cover far longer distances than any other bird.

There are only about 10,000 ivory gulls leſt in the world and ornithologists regard the island as a unique site for observing these beautiful rare birds.