Taimyr lake. Taimyr Peninsula

Taimyr lake. Taimyr Peninsula Taimyr lake. Taimyr Peninsula

The Taimyr (Taymyr) Peninsula is a peninsula in the Far North of Russia, in the Siberian Federal District, that forms the northernmost part of mainland Eurasia and Asia. Cape Chelyuskin, the northernmost point of the Eurasian continent, is located at the northern end of the Taimyr Peninsula. It lies between the Yenisei Gulf of the Kara Sea and the Khatanga Gulf of the Laptev Sea. In the south, the Taimyr Peninsula is limited by the northern ridge of Central Siberian Plateau.

Environmental conditions are severe and show all the features of a sharply continental climate. Winters last for 8-9 months, and the annual average air temperature is about -12° C.

Low-bush tundra with thousands of lakes occupies most of the territory of the North Siberian Plain. The northern coast is a zone of barren grounds - (Arctic) tundra. The area of northern taiga starts beyond the Putorana mountains.
It is known that the principal natural wealth of the Taimyr fauna is the wild reindeer. The herds seasonally migrate on the North Siberian Plain, with the total number of reindeer in Taimyr reaching 500,000 animals. Reindeer have always been the main source of subsistence for the indigenous Arctic ethnic groups of Taimyr, such as the Dolgan-Nenets, Evenkis, Enets, and others. In 2002 the density of the population in Taimyr was 1 person per 10 km2. The city of Norilsk, with a population of 145,000 is one of the five northernmost cities in the world. Taimyr is abundant in mineral resources and Norilsk Mining and Metallurgical Combine is well known both in Russia and abroad.
Its rivers and lakes are full of valuable fish species - broad whitefish, muksun, Siberian white salmon, etc. The animal world is represented by reindeer, moose, wolf, polar fox, glutton, ermine, marten, etc. and birds - by white grouse and ptarmigan, gull, duck, goose, sandpiper, etc.

The peninsula is the site of the last-known native musk-ox.

Taimyr Lake is the second-largest lake aſter Baikal in the Asian part of Russia. The lake is covered with ice from late September to June. The water temperature in August is +8°C, and in winter slightly above freezing. No human settlements can be found around the lake. The only sign of former human activity is an abandoned weather station on the lake shore.

The nature reserves Bolshoy Arcticheskiy, Putoranskiy and Taimyrskiy are situated on the territory of the Taimyr Peninsula.